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Short History WW1 Short History WW1

Short History WW1

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Everyday life on the Macedonian front Everyday life on the Macedonian front

Everyday life on the Macedonian front



WW1 Sites

Kaimakchalan, on the Greek-Macedonian border

Kaimakchalan, on the Greek-Macedonian border

Coordinates : 40.930856, 21.786558

Kaimkchalan is the highest peak of Mount Nidze on the Macedonian side (2,521 m) and at the same time the most famous site of the First World War in Macedonia.

The Battle of Kaimakchalan took place between 12 and 30 September 1916. The fiercest battles took place between 26 and 30 September, until the Serbian army reached the summit on 30 September. The number of soldiers killed on both sides was considerable.

By taking Kaimakchalan, the armies of the Entente were authorized to continue other military operations, the last of which was on 19 November 1916, and the liberation of the town of Bitola.
The chapel in Kaimakchalan preserves the history of Rudolph Archibald Reiss, a Swiss professor, criminologist, photographer and journalist who, during the First World War, was hired by the Serbian army to report on the events of the Front. After the war, he remained living in Belgrade in his house called "Dobro Pole". His last visit to Kaimakchalan was in September 1928, in commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the First World War. His last desire was that the eternal resting place of his heart should be in Kaimakchalan. After his death on August 8, 1929, his heart was removed, placed in a special urn and taken to Kaimakchalan. Today the urn is still in the chapel, but his heart has disappeared. Different stories exist, the Bulgarian army would have taken it during World War II, or the Yugoslav army would have taken it back when it withdrew from Macedonia.

How to get to Kaimakchalan:
A mountain road leads to Kaimakchalan. The road is accessible only by all-terrain vehicle and only during the summer months. The summit is 70 km from the town of Bitola, but the journey takes about 5 hours.
Hiking is recommended for professionals. An all-terrain vehicle may be engaged.

Companies and associations that transport tourists :

Tourism agency Turist Bitola (www.turist.com.mk)
Off Road Macedonia (www.off-road.mk)
Hera Turs Bitola (www.heratours.mk)
Info Bitola (www. Bitola. info)
Mountain Solution Bitola (www.mount.mk)
Pelister’s guides (www.pelister-guides.com)

Previous Article Dobro Pole, near the village of Gradeshica, Municipality of Novaci
Next Article Kala Tepe, Dojran


The photos

The written and visual content on this platform (current and historical) is provided to the public for general informational, scientific and educational purposes. All published content is the property of its respective authors.

The Manaki photos

The Manaki photos - The photos are in the property of the National archive of the Republic of Macedonia, department in Bitola. The photos are edited by the Macedonian Centre for photography.

The original photos are in the property of the European association for local democracy – ALDA.  Photographer: Zoran Shekerov



Since its independence in 1991, the name of the country as inscribed in the Macedonian Constitution is "Republic of Macedonia". Nevertheless, and for the purposes of recognition by international organisations and their Member States, the country has agreed to use the designation "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia". It is under this name that the French Republic has recognised this State. On this website, for convenience of language, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" is referred to as the "Republic of Macedonia" or "Macedonia". This does not represent the position of France or Normandy.

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